The academic year in Portugal begins between the 10th and 20th of September, and ends on the 20th of June. During the school year, the students have Christmas and Easter holidays, as well as “little holidays” associated with the carnival. Not counting the official weekend associated with public holidays. Tests and rating system. On the eve of holidays, everyone has tests, the results of which, the parents and the students themselves will find out during the week. Tests begin to conduct with class 1. There are no grades in the elementary Portuguese school, and the knowledge testing system has four grades: “excellent”, “very good”, “good”, “satisfactory”, “bad”. Lessons The level of knowledge in Portuguese schools every year is becoming higher and higher. Special attention has recently been paid to mathematics and the foreign languages. Classes last 90 minutes, but then there are big changes, the so-called “intervals” for 20 minutes and a break for lunch of 2 hours, of which 1 hour is spent on meals, and another hour on active games in the yard. There is no clear timetable for lessons in elementary school, as well as diaries. The teacher himself varies the schedule of the day. For 4 years, the children have one teacher, after the classes, which finish at 15.30, additional ones start, including sports, music and English. Homework. Homework assignment, starting with 2nd quarter of 1st class. If the child does not pull out any item, the Phoenix system works in schools. This is a free system, which helps to learn the material and tighten the student without extending the school day. In fact, this is “tutoring”, but all given by State. School. Primary schools in Portugal are always separated from high school. The school staff includes: the director, teachers, educators and technical workers. Games in the yard, as well as lunch, are held under the strict supervision of educators. In schools, in the rarest of cases, conflict between children may arise and there is no such thing as “bullying”. Teaching special children. Here everything is unique and transparent. Special children (with Down syndrome, autists, children with cerebral palsy) study with everyone in the same class. In some cases, their program may vary slightly, as well as test items. But in most cases this does not happen. School uniform. It is not, but in Portuguese schools it is not normal to focus on clothes. The main rule of Portuguese parents is modesty. Children do not compete with each other in clothes, in trademarks, in the financial ability of their parents. Mobile phones, as well as other gadgets are prohibited to bring to school. They will simply be taken away before the end of the lessons. Parental committee. Parenting committees do not collect money for gifts to teachers. They don’t raise money at all for repairs or any other school needs! The parent committee organizes school holidays, such as the “last bell” or the “family day”. Manuals Manuals in Portugal are very expensive. But, as a rule, 90% of school students receive textbooks due to financial support from the city mayor’s office. It all depends on the financial level. If it is low and documented, help will always be provided. Lunches Lunches are paid. The lunch menu is posted daily on the school website. There is a special vegetarian menu. There is a special menu for allergies. In school canteens, children are taught to use forks, knives and napkins – this is not questionable. Skipping classes Better not to miss. Skipping more than 2 days without a real reason can cause great trouble to parents. If the child missed more, the doctor must declare it. Adaptation of children from other countries Children stays in a friendly environment, where there is no competition at all,, in which there is no rivalry and constant determination of who is better. They easily learn the language and after 1 year of study they “chirp” in Portuguese.